I’d recommend a simple vacuum pump off of Amazon. I’d recommend ~6 CFm and 1/2 HP. We have used Mastercool Pumps in the past, but I am sure there are other good ones on the market.
There isn’t a specific abrasive pad that won’t take down carbon, but there are methods for minimizing the ware on the carbon as you take down filler material.
1. Tape off the carbon that you don’t want to get sanded.
2. Use the highest grit possible to achieve the surface finish desired.
3. Use good filling techniques to minimize the amount of additional sanding required.
We purchase materials from many different vendors, but for an individual looking for small amounts I would recommend Fiberglass Supply, Composite Envisions or Soller Composites. They are located in different parts of the US, so you can save on shipping picking the one closest to you.
For higher quantity purchasing I would suggest Composites One.
There are many different types of carbon fiber which can be used in all kinds of applications.
Our most common lay-up for cosmetic parts is a layer of 6K 2x2 twill carbon fiber with 3K 1x1 plain or twill carbon fiber as backing layers. The backing layers can be applied in different orientations for strength and stiffness.
There are a handful of different flow mediums. Some are meant to be built into the laminate, like G-Flow, and others are meant to be put on top and removed after the infusion. The most common "on-top" flow medias are “green flow” and “blue flow”. Green flow is oriented linearly and the blue flow is random.
There are two products that integrate flow media and release film: CompoFlex and InfuPly. They both have different costs, flow speed and conformability properties. These options are great for production when speed matters.